Murder is defined as an act that results in the death of another human being. Criminal murder can be classified by several different factors including, if that act was intentional or unintentional, premeditated, or due to reckless/ careless behavior. There are various types of homicide that are listed below:
1st Degree Murder: Homicide committed intentionally with premeditation or malice aforethought.
Manslaughter: The unlawful killing of a human being without malice aforethought. The big difference between manslaughter and murder is that in the case of manslaughter, it was a result of some sort of accident, or heat of the moment, where the defendant did not have the mental state to commit a murder.
Vehicular Manslaughter: This occurs when a person is operating a motor vehicle and unintentionally, but unlawfully kills another human being. Typically there is a known problem with the vehicle but the driver still chooses to operate the vehicle, and because of this decision someone is killed.
Voluntary Manslaughter: Occurs when a person is killed as a result of a heat of passion event, with no prior planning beforehand. For example, if a person finds their spouse having an affair with another and reacts, leading to someone’s death.
Involuntary Manslaughter: commonly known as a criminally negligent homicide, occurs when a death is a result of recklessness or negligence. For example, this occurs when a person runs a red light and hits another vehicle, leading to someone’s death.